The majority of Indiana's population is white (88.7%), followed by African Americans (8.8%), Asian Americans (1.2%), and American Indians and Alaska Natives (0.3%). The highest high school graduation rate is among white people, with a rate of 91.20%. The highest rate of bachelor's degrees is found among Asians, with a rate of 57.45%. The race least likely to be in poverty in Indiana is white, with 10.28% below the poverty level.
Currently, Indiana has a racially diverse population of 92 percent of the total population. In fact, 4.5 percent of the state's population is Hispanic, which is projected to jump to 8 percent by the year 2030. Additionally, the state's economic base is based on services, manufacturing, and agriculture.
Hispanic population projected to jump from 4.5 percent to 8 percent in 2030
Across Indiana, the Hispanic population is expected to increase by nearly one-third and reach 8 percent by 2030. The number of people with two or more races in the state is also expected to rise. By the same time, Asians and Pacific Islanders will account for more than 5 percent of residents.
The projections are based on a range of assumptions, including the number of people in each category, age and race. The projections show that, by 2030, Indiana's white population will have reached 6 million, or almost 80 percent of the total population.
In a base year, the Hispanic population is projected to be 4.5 percent, or about 1.8 million. The Hispanic population will continue to grow rapidly over the next 25 years. By the time it reaches the eight percent mark, it will have increased by a whopping 285,000. In addition, the black population in the state is projected to grow by 146,000 and account for 20 percent of the overall growth.
Increasing diversity of Indiana's black and african american residents
Increasing diversity of Indiana's black and African American residents has been a trend that has been slowly emerging in the state over the past several years. The number of Black residents in the state has increased by more than one-third over the last ten years, and now more than half of the population is non-white.
This trend is expected to continue through the next 20 years. The state's black population will increase by 146,000, from 555,500 to slightly more than 701,500, by 2030. This will increase the Black share of the total population from 9 percent to 10 percent.
The state's white population will continue to grow, but at a slower rate. The white population in the state is projected to reach 6 million by 2030, up from 4.5 million in 2005.
Economic base based on services, manufacturing, and agriculture
During the early days of the twentieth century, Indiana became a manufacturing powerhouse. In fact, the state was ranked in the top eight among the 48 states for manufacturing output. The industry grew so quickly that the state was able to produce 4.5 percent of the United States' military armaments during World War II.
The Mammoth Internal Improvement Act of 1835 was a landmark legislation, allowing the state to emerge as a leading farming state by the 1850s. This act financed the development of statewide transportation systems. It was thwarted, however, by the Panic of 1837. In the post-World War II era, the state prospered as its factories returned to mass employment.
The state also boasts a slew of hydroelectric dams. Six dams in total supply electricity to the state. In addition, the state is home to one of the largest concentrations of auto manufacturers in the country. In 2017, the state's Gross State Product (GSP) was US$359 billion.
Health coverage for 92% of the population
Despite the state's notoriously fickle healthcare system, Indiana is a state to be reckoned with. For instance, the state ranks among the most densely populated in the country, with a population of over a million and a median age of just under 35. It is no surprise then that the state has a myriad of health insurance providers, a bevy of health and fitness clubs, and a slew of hospitals and clinics. Of course, the state also has its fair share of health related crime, which makes the state a prime target for both the state and the federal government.
Despite its predominantly white population, Indiana has become an increasingly diverse state in the past few years. This is evidenced by the fact that the black population in the state grew significantly. The Hispanic population is also growing at a rapid pace. The Asian and American Indian and Alaska Native populations are also growing.
The multi-race population in the state increased by 165,979 residents between 2010 and 2020. The median age of the multiple race population in 2005 was 17; the age will climb to 19 by 2030. The population of Indiana is less diverse than the nation as a whole. However, the population in Central Indiana is more diverse than the rest of the state.
The Hispanic or Latino population is projected to double over the next 25 years. This group makes up 8.2 percent of the total population in Indiana. This is the fastest growing minority in the state, and its total growth will contribute significantly to the overall population.Here's more information on how Indiana's racial and ethnic makeup has changed. Census Bureau, American Community Survey (ACS). Survey on the American Community Racial population estimates are produced for the United States, states and counties by the Population Estimates Program and racial estimates of population are produced for Puerto Rico, municipalities (county equivalents for Puerto Rico), places, areas urban and community (equivalent places for Puerto Rico) and smaller civil divisions according to the American Community Survey. A person who originates from any of the original peoples of Europe, the Middle East or North Africa.
It includes people who indicate their race as white or who report entries as Irish, German, Italian, Lebanese, Arab, Moroccan, or Caucasian. A person who has origins in any of the black racial groups in Africa. It includes people who indicate their race as black or African-American, or who report entries as African-American, Kenyan, Nigerian, or Haitian. A person who has origins in any of the original peoples of North and South America (including Central America) and who maintains a tribal affiliation or an attachment to the community.
This category includes people who indicate their race as American Indians or Alaska Natives or who report entries such as Navajo groups, Blackfeet, Inupiat, Yup'ik, or Central American Indian groups or South American Indian groups. Native to Hawaii and other Pacific Islands. A person who originates from any of the original peoples of Hawaii, Guam, Samoa or other Pacific Islands. It includes people who declared their race as Fijians, Guamanians or Chamorras, Marshallese, native Hawaiians, Samoans, Tongans, and other Pacific Islanders, or who provide other detailed answers from Pacific Islanders.
Data users should be aware of the methodological differences that may exist between different data sources. A publication from the Indiana Business Research Center at the Kelley School of Business at Indiana University. Indiana Business Review is published by the Indiana Business Research Center at Indiana University's Kelley Business School. InContext is an award-winning publication from the Indiana Business Research Center of the Kelley School of Business at Indiana University.
Matt Kinghorn, demographer at the Indiana Business Research Center, Kelley Business School, Indiana University.